Publishing open access offers a number of benefits
Open research is free to read, copy, reuse and distribute. Studies have shown that open access content attracts more attention than non-open access content.
Increased citation and usage
A number of research papers have shown that open access articles are viewed more often than articles that are only available to subscribers, and are cited more often.
A study carried out by the Research Information Network looking at articles published in Nature Communications found that the open access articles were viewed three times more often than non-open access content.
The Wellcome Trust also reported that open access articles they have funded were downloaded 89% more when compared with access-controlled content.
Greater public engagement
Open research means access to content is not limited to those with journal subscriptions. Many groups that miss out on subscription content - including researchers at institutions with limited access or funds, individual researchers not affiliated with an institution and the general public - find open access content not only available but valuable.
The impact of making research papers freely accessible from the moment of publication can be astonishing, particularly for research in which there is a strong public interest. For example, a Scientific Reports paper exploring the biological impact of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly was accessed over a quarter of a million times during the first month after publication.
To further public engagement, each article published by a Nature Partner Journal includes a plain English overview of the article’s key findings. Presented in a brief, digestible format, this allows researchers in other fields and the interested public to engage with research.
Patient involvement in research is now a well-accepted concept with a key emphasis in the community on how we can improve our methods and evidence base. Open access has enabled those outside of research to benefit from new findings. BMC journal Research Involvement and Engagement recently co-published Guidance for Reporting Involvement of Patients and Public (GRIPP2) as a key way for for researchers and patient to understand how they should report involvement and engagement in research papers.
In 2017, BMC announced the introduction of Registered Reports in BMC Medicine. BMC Medicine publishes research articles and reviews in all areas of research and practice in medicine and global health. By pre-registering the rationale and proposed methodology behind a research study, research becomes more transparent and reproducible, and can have a direct, positive impact on patients and communities.
Over 1,400 Springer Nature open access articles have been cited in global policy documents by institutes including the United Nations, WHO, the IMF and the World Bank.
Open research accelerates the pace of scientific enquiry.
By opening up research with permissive licences like CC BY, researchers are empowered to build on existing research quickly. A study of articles published in PNAS: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences between June 8, 2004, and December 20, 2004 supported the view that open access accelerates the process by which researchers built upon existing research, showing that open access articles are cited earlier and are, on average, cited more often than non-open access articles.
Open access publications and data enable researchers to carry out collaborative research on a global scale, with the Human Genome Project often cited as an example of the ability of open access to transform publications and data “into a much more powerful resource for research, education and innovation” (OASPA). This international, collaborative research project was enabled by the use of open data, with all the sequence data made openly available for other researchers to reuse.
Interdisciplinary publications foster greater dialogue across discipline boundaries, and often find novel approaches to traditional problems. Open access journals that cross multiple disciplines, such as the BMC-series journals and Scientific Reports, are helping researchers connect more easily by providing greater visibility of their research. Open research also means that research can discover relevant research and data outside their main field via search engines, repositories, social media and a variety of other channels.
Many funders, institutions and governments around the world require open access.
Meet policy requirements
Increasingly, the funders of scholarly research (funding bodies or institutions) are requiring their grant holders to make publications related to their research available to the public, free and without restrictions on re-use. Our open access journals and books comply with major funding policies internationally.
Openly sharing your research data ensures a greater level of reproducibility in science – something that is vital to the integrity of the scientific record. But it also provides you with additional, individual benefits.
Greater opportunity for collaboration
When data is openly shared it enables greater collaboration between researchers and also creates new research opportunities, as exemplified in the case of the studyforrest project in which a single dataset has generated multiple studies from different labs and resulted in 19 different publications so far.
Increase in citations
Studies have shown that published papers which have their underlying data openly available and directly linked to them have a higher level of citation than those that don’t.
Find out more about the benefits of openly sharing data.